Curriculum Vitae

Emily M. Klein

Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences

Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences

Duke University

Research Interests

Petrology and geochemistry of oceanic crust. Volcanology and volcanic eruptions


B.A., 1979, (English) Barnard College, Columbia University, NY

M.A., 1986, (Geology) Columbia University, NY

Ph.D., 1989, Columbia University, NY


1979-1983 - Technician, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University

1983-1988 - Research/Teaching Assistant, Department of Geology, Columbia University

1989-1996 - Assistant Professor, Duke University

1996-2005 - Associate Professor (tenure), Duke University

2005-present - Professor, Duke University

2005-present - Senior Associate Dean, Nicholas School, Duke University

1999 - present - Associate Scientist with Tenure

Honors And Awards

L-DGO; Bruce Heezen Prize: for excellence in graduate student research, 1988

Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing, Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth and Planets, 1991

Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing, Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth and Planets, 1991

Lilly Teaching Fellowship, 1991

National Science Foundation, Young Investigator Award, 1992-1997

Ingerson Lecture; Geological Society of America, 2003

Lee Hill Snowdon Chair, Bass Society of Fellows, Duke University, 2004

Publications in Refereed Journals

Klein, E.M. and Langmuir, C.H., Global correlations of ocean ridge basalt chemistry with axial depth and crustal thickness, Journal of Geophysical Research, 92, 8089-8115, 1987.

Klein, E.M., Langmuir, C.H., Zindler, A., Staudigel, H. and Hamelin, B., Isotope evidence of a mantle convection boundary at the Australian-Antarctic Discordance, Nature, 333, 623-629, 1988.

Klein, E.M., Mid-ocean ridges: Mixing of basalt magmas, News and Views, Nature, 342, 344-345, 1989.

Klein, E.M. and Langmuir, C.H., Local vs. global variations in ocean ridge basalt compositions: a reply, Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, 4241-4252, 1989.

Keen, M.J., Klein, E.M., and Melson, W.G., Ocean ridge basalt compositions correlated with palaeobathymetry, Nature 345, 423-426, 1990.

Klein, E.M., Ocean Ridge Magmatic and Hydrothermal Geochemical Processes, U.S. National Report: International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics 1987-1990, Contributions in Volcanology, Geochemistry, and Petrology, Reviews of Geophysics Supplement, pp. 532-541, 1991.

Klein, E.M., Langmuir, C.H. and Staudigel, H., Geochemistry of basalts from the Southeast Indian Ridge, 115°E-138°E, Journal of Geophysical Research, 96, 2089-2107, 1991.

Langmuir, C.H., Klein, E.M., and Plank, T., Petrological systematics of mid-ocean ridge basalts: constraints on melt generation beneath ocean ridges, in Geophysical Monograph 71, Mantle Flow and Melt Generation at Mid-Ocean Ridges (J.P. Morgan, D.K. Blackman, J.M. Sinton, eds.), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., pp. 183-280, 1992.

Ferguson, E. M. and Klein, E. M., The first fresh basalts from the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge extend the Pacific geochemical province, Nature, 366, 330-333, 1993.

Barth, G.A., Kastens, K.A. and Klein, E.M., The origin of bathymetric highs at ridge-transform intersections: a multi-disciplinary case study at the Clipperton Fracture Zone, Marine Geophysical Researches, 16, 1-50, 1994.

Klein, E.M. and Karsten, J.L., Ocean ridge basalts with convergent margin geochemical affinities from the southern Chile Ridge, Nature, 374, 52-57, 1995.

Karsten, J.L., Klein, E.M., and Sherman, S., Subduction zone geochemical characteristics in ocean ridge basalts from the southern Chile Ridge: Implications of modern ridge subduction systems for the Archean, Lithos, 37, 143-161, 1996.

Sherman, S.B., Karsten, J.L., and Klein E.M., Petrogenesis of Axial Lavas from the Southern Chile Ridge: Major Element and Phase Chemistry Constraints, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102,14963-14990, 1997.

Schlesinger, W.H., Bruijnzeel, L.A., Bush, M.B., Klein, E.M., Mace, K.A., Raikes, J.A., and Whittaker, R.J., The biochemistry of phosphorus after the first century of soil development on Rakata Island, Krakatau, Indonesia, Biochemistry, 37-55, 1998.

Sturm, M., Klein, E., Graham, D. and Karsten, J., Age constraints on crustal recycling to the mantle beneath the southern Chile Ridge: He, Sr, Nd and Pb isotope systematics, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 5097-5114, 1999.

Sturm, M.E., Klein, E.M., Karsten, J.L. and Karson, J.A., Evidence for contamination of the mantle beneath the southern Chile Ridge: Implications for anomalous ophiolite compositions. in Ophiolites and Oceanic Crust - New insights from field studies and the oceanic drilling program, (Y. Dilek et al., eds.), Geological Society of America Special Paper, 349, Boulder, CO, pp. 13-20, 1999.

Sturm, M, Goldstein, S., Klein, E. M., Karson, J. A., and Murrell, M. T., Uranium-series age constraints on lavas from the axial valley of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, MARK area, Earth Planetary and Science Letters., 181, 61-70, 2000.

Castillo, P.R., Klein, E.M., Langmuir, C., Shirey, S. Bender, J., Batiza, R. and White, W., Petrology and Sr, Nd and Pb isotope geochemistry of MORB glasses from the 11°45’N to 15°00’N segment of the East Pacific Rise, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G-Cubed), 1, doi: 1999GC000024, 2000.

Meurer, W. P., Sturm, M.A., Klein, E.M., and Karson, J.A., Basalt compositions from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at the SMARK area (22°30'N to 22°50'N) - implications for parental liquid variability at isotopically homogeneous spreading centers, Earth Planetary and Science Letters, 186, 451-469, 2001.

Stewart, M.A., Klein, E. M., and Karson, J.A., The geochemistry of dikes and lavas from the north wall of the Hess Deep Rift: Insights into the four-dimensional character of crustal construction at fast-spreading mid-ocean ridges, Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, B10, 2238, doi:10.1029/2001JB000545, 2002.

Karson, J.A., Klein, E.M., Hurst, S.D., Lee, C.E., Rivizzigno, P.A., Curewitz, D., Morris, A.R., and Hess Deep ‘99 Scientific Party, Structure of uppermost fast-spread oceanic crust exposed at the Hess Deep Rift: Implications for subaxial processes at the East Pacific Rise, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G-Cubed), 3, doi: 2001GC000155, 2002.

Stewart, M. A.; Klein, E. M., Karson, J. A., and Brophy, J. G., Geochemical relationships between dikes and lavas at the Hess Deep Rift: Implications for magma eruptibility. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 , doi:10.1029/2001JB001622, 2003.

Klein, E.M., Earth science: Spread thin in the Arctic, News and Views, Nature 423, 932–933, 2003.

Klein, E.M., Geochemistry of the Igneous Ocean Crust, in Treatise on Geochemistry, Vol. 3 (exec. eds. K.K. Turekian, H.D. Holland; vol. ed.: R. Rudnick.), Elsevier, pp 433-463, 2003.

Stewart, M.A., Karson, J.A., and Klein, E. M., Four-dimensional upper crustal construction at fast-spreading mid-ocean ridges: A perspective from an upper crustal cross-section at the Hess Deep Rift, J. Volcanology and Geothermal Research, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2004.11.026, 2005.

Klein, E.M., Smith, D.K., Williams, C. M. and Schouten, H. Counter-rotating microplates at the Galapagos triple junction, Nature, 433, 855-858, doi:10.1038/nature03262, 2005.

Pollock, M.A., Klein, E.M., Karson, J.A., and Tivey, M. A., Temporal and spatial variability in the composition of lavas exposed along the Western Blanco Transform Fault, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G-Cubed), 6, doi:10.1029/2005GC001026, 2005.

Perk, N.W., Coogan, L.A., Karson, J. A., Klein, E.M., and Hanna, H.D., Primitive lower oceanic crust from Pito Deep: implications for the accretion of the lower crust at the Southern East Pacific Rise, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v 154, doi:10.1007/s00410-007-0210-z, 575-590, 2007.

Schouten, H., Smith, D. K., Montesi, L., Zhu, Wenlu, and Klein, E. M., Cracking of Lithosphere North of the Galapagos Triple Junction, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G-Cubed), in press, 2008.


Seagoing Experience:

2005-R/V Atlantis II, Co-Chief Scientist, sampling and mapping of super-fast spread crust at Pito Deep.

2002-R/V Melville, Chief Scientist, sampling and mapping of the Incipient Rift at 2°40'N near the East Pacific Rise.

1999-R/V Atlantis II, Co-Chief Scientist, sampling and mapping of the north Wall of the Hess Deep Rift (DSL120, Argo II, Alvin).

1998-R/V Melville, Co-Chief Scientist, sampling and mapping of the Chile Ridge and Valdivia Transform System.

1993-R/V Knorr, Co-Chief Scientist; sampling and mapping of the Chile Ridge near its intersection with the Chile Trench.

1988-Soviet R/V Akademik Mistlav Keldysh; eastern Atlantic, Madeira Rise region; petrologist.

1985-R/V Atlantis II, Clipperton Transform and adjacent segments of the East Pacific Rise at 10°N ; petrologist, sample curation, diver.

1985-R/V New Horizon, East Pacific Rise 5°N-14°N, chemical analyses, sample curation, dredging.

1984-R/V Robert D. Conrad, Kane Transform and adjacent segments of the mid-Atlantic Ridge at 23°-24°N; Sea Beam watchstander.